The Directive 2014/53/EU ( Radio Equipment Directive) of the European Parliament and of the Council on the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating the making available on the market of radio equipment is entered into force on the 13th of June 2016 replacing the former R&TTE Directive 1999/5/EC on Radio and Telecommunications Terminal Equipment with a transition period of 1 year from the date of adoption.
The New Radio Equipment Directive (RED Directive) requires equipment to be constructed for efficient use of the radio spectrum so as to avoid harmful interference with terrestrial and orbital communications.
Therefore, the RED Directive lays down the essential requirements to ensure a high level of protection of public interest.
- Chapter 1: General Provisions- Article 1-9
- Chapter 2: Obligation of economic operators- Article 10-15
- Chapter 3: Conformity of radio equipment – Article 16- 21
- Chapter 4: Notification of conformity assessment bodies – Article 22-38
- Chapter 5: Union market surveillance, control of radio equipment entering the union market and union safeguard procedure – Article 39-43
- Chapter 6: Delegated acts and implementing acts and the committee – Article 44-45
- Chapter 7: Final and transitional provisions – Article 46-52
- Annex I: Equipment not covered by this directive
- Annex II: Conformity assessment module A
- Annex III: Conformity assessment modules B and C
- Annex IV: Conformity assessment module H
- Annex V: Contents of technical documentation
- Annex VI: EU declaration of conformity
- Annex VII: Simplified EU declaration of conformity
- Annex VIII: Correlation table
All equipment using the radio spectrum to communicate falls within the scope of the RED Directive.
The RED Directive applies to all radio equipment being placed on the market in the EU with the exception of:
- Radio equipment used exclusively for activities concerning public security, defense, state security or for the economic well-being of the state
- Amateur radio kits
- Marine equipment
- Airborne products, parts and appliances (as regulated under Article 3 of regulation EC 216/2008)
- Custom built kits used solely for research and development activities
With the aim to be in line with the current state of art in the radio-using equipment, the new directive:
– Introduces a broader concept of “radio equipment”. This reasoning is deemed to be behind the removal of the telecommunication term along with apparatus from the directive.
‘radio equipment’ means an electrical or electronic product, which intentionally emits and/or receives radio waves for the purpose of radio communication and/or radiodetermination, or an electrical or electronic product which must be completed with an accessory, such as an antenna, so as to intentionally emit/or receive radio waves for the purpose of radio communication and /or radiodetermination’.
- Removes voltage limits for radio equipment regarding LVD safety requirements;
- Includes on the scope all receivers (including broadcast radio and TV equipment) which previously felt under the scope of the EMC Directive;
- Foresees the possibility for a certain type of products to have a common charging interface;
Conformity assessment Procedure
- Module A – INTERNAL PRODUCTION CONTROL ( Annex II)
- Module B and C – EU-TYPE EXAMINATION AND CONFORMITY TO TYPE BASED ON INTERNAL PRODUCTION CONTROL ( Annex III)
- Module H – CONFORMITY BASED ON FULL QUALITY ASSURANCE ( Annex IV)
When the Harmonized standards are not applied in full the manufacture must follow the conformity assessment route set out in the Annex III or Annex IV.
In case of radio equipment affected by a low levels of compliance, a prior registration of radio equipment within specific categories is foreseen as measure to improve the market surveillance. By means of implementing acts the Commission will identify the categories of products that require registration and which documentation must be created in relation to them. It is anticipated that the central registry will be made available by the Commission from June 12, 2018 onward.
In the RED Directive, two sorts of essential requirements are defined:
a) essential requirements applicable to all radio equipment such as:
- those covering all health and safety risks arising from the use of equipment, e.g. electrical, mechanical and chemical as well as (but not exclusively) health aspects relating to noise, vibration and ergonomic aspects as set out in the Directive 2014/34/EU.
- those requirements assuring an adequate level of electromagnetic compatibility as set out in Directive 2014/30/EU.
- those requirements assuring an efficient use of radio spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference as set out in the recital of the Directive 2014/53/2014
b) essential requirements applicable only to certain types of radio equipment pursuant to specific legal acts adopted by the Commission (delegated acts).
The manufacturer puts together the technical documentation which makes it possible to assess whether the radio equipment complies with the requirements of the directive. It contains at least the elements set out in the Annex V.
The non-compliance with the directive’s requirements will result in the removal of the apparatus from the market and the revoking of the CE marking affixed on the apparatus